WHAT IS RED, IRRITATED AND SENSITIVE SKIN?
Red skin, itching, burning or even a tingling sensation on the skin and peeling of the epidermis are signs of very sensitive (hyperreactive) skin. Such skin requires adjusting your lifestyle to its vulnerability and sensitivity.
WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF RED AND SENSITIVE SKIN?
Vulnerable skin is more sensitive to external influences that surround us on a daily basis. It is characterized by high responsiveness and excessive reactions to which healthy skin is not prone. We can recognize it by typical signs, e.g. redness, burning sensation, tingling, stinging, itching. The skin is tight and hot, it can also burn.
Weakened epidermis, redness and hypersensitive sensory fibres of the epidermis are the main characteristics of very sensitive skin. With a weakened natural barrier between the body and the outside world, the loss of water through the skin can increase, resulting in very dry skin. Stress agents easily activate hypersensitive sensory fibres in the epidermis, leading to the unpleasant sensations mentioned above.
WHAT ARE TRIGGERS OF RED AND IRRITATED SKIN?
The main factors for sensitive and red skin are the proneness of the skin to inflammatory responses, the strong response of blood vessels to various stimuli, and genetic predisposition. Trigger factors are different:
- eating spicy food, drinking alcohol: if the vessel walls are fragile, the trigger can be of vascular origin;
- wind, cold, dry or polluted areas (or the environment) result in a burning sensation on the skin, which may be accompanied by stinging; these are environmental triggers;
- hormonal changes;
- application of substances or ingredients that the skin cannot tolerate, e.g. certain soaps; these are contact triggers;
- certain bacteria on the skin and mites;
- lack of good bacteria in the digestive tract;
- skin with atopic dermatitis is prone to hyper-reactivity; this is a trigger of atopic origin.
The extreme form of redness and inflammation of the facial skin is caused by a chronic disorder, called rosacea. With this disorder, individual areas of the face, e.g. nose and cheeks, are red and mottled, the skin is irritated, very sensitive, dry, and burns and hurts. Redness may be accompanied by dilated small veins (telangiectasia). As the disease progresses, tiny blisters filled with purulent fluid appear, facial swelling occurs, and sebaceous glands also enlarge.
INFECTIOUSNESS AND TRANSMISSION?
Red and sensitive skin is not contagious. Nevertheless, the causes of rosacea and this type of skin sensitivity are most likely influenced by genetic predisposition, weak connective tissue, the skin type itself (people with fair skin), and gender (it is 3 times more often in women than in men).
Therapy may include localised and systemic treatment. Localised treatment involves the use of antibiotic gels and creams, while systemic therapy involves the use of tetracycline antibiotics and retinoids in the form of tablets or capsules available at a pharmacy on prescription. With rosacea, it is important to start treatment as soon as the symptoms appear, as this is the only way to prevent its progression.
Laser treatment is also successful, and in the case of thickening of the nose, surgery is often required. Products with hyaluronic acid and Aloe vera are used for care and hydration, and products with active oxygen are used for faster recovery and oxygenation.
WHAT ELSE CAN WE DO?
In the case of red and irritated skin, the reaction can be mitigated by avoiding triggering factors: e.g. temperature changes that dilate blood vessels, excessive exposure to sun, sauna, cold, and wind. Hot, spicy foods, coffee, hot drinks and alcohol should be avoided. Stress, emotional upheaval and physical exertion have also been shown to worsen the disease, so it is important to pay attention to this as well. Menopause is especially difficult, because hot flashes are common, and hormonal imbalances also affect the emotions and general well-being of women.
Proper care is very important, because it contributes favourably to the improvement of problems. The use of waterproof and difficult-to-remove cosmetics and excessive amounts of fragrances is not recommended. Adequate sun protection is recommended. The selected products should be of high quality and should have high protection against UVA and UVB rays. For everyday use, it is best to use products that soothe, nourish, cleanse, supply moisture and oxygen to the skin, help in its accelerated recovery (regeneration), and prevent inflammation. Such products help strengthen the protective layer of the skin and increase its resistance. The skin should be thoroughly but gently cleansed with non-aggressive products intended for sensitive skin that maintain the balance of the epidermis (without alcohol).
OXILVER® Skin gel for skin
Active oxygen compounds in combination with ionised silver, hyaluronic acid and Aloe vera are the right choice to moisturize and soothe dry, corneous and itchy skin. Solution and Gel ensure regeneration and supply the skin with oxygen, they have a mild antiseptic effect and they oxygenate, nourish and clean the area of application. Hyaluronic acid and Aloe vera contribute to intensive moisturising, bigger elasticity, suppleness and smoothness of the skin.
How to use:
2-3 times a day. OXILVER® Skin solution in spray is used especially on larger areas of the skin, meanwhile the OXILVER® Skin Gel is used on smaller or pointy areas (face…). In case of extremely dry, irritated skin, it is recommended to apply a light care emulsion or a drop of vegetable oil beforehand, which will provide the skin with adequate protection and elasticity.