BLISTER AND CALLUSES
WHAT ARE BLISTERS AND CALLUSES?
Friction between the skin and the object causes the epidermis to separate from the lower layers of the skin and a blister to form. This is an area of raised skin beneath which is a fluid that relieves further pressure and prevents infection. If the skin is moist, blisters form faster, they are more common in the summer when our feet and palms sweat.
A callus or corn is a thickening of the skin that grows under the skin in a conical shape. It is a thorn-like foreign body made of corneous cells that has the ability to penetrate the lower layers of the skin, which is interspersed with nerves. The skin creates them to protect and defend sensitive skin. If blisters and calluses are not cared for properly, they can cause an infection or even a deeper wound which requires medical attention or help.
WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS?
A blister can burst due to further friction of the skin, causing pain. When the skin is weakened and does not have a normal protective or perceptual function (e.g. patients with diabetes, neuropathy, etc.), proper blister care is especially important to prevent infection. A corn or callus is also problematic, the pressure on them causes an uncomfortable feeling and can also be very painful if it puts pressure on the nerves in the lower layers of the skin or even on the bone. Unlike warts, calluses do not bleed as long as the surrounding tissue is not damaged.
HOW DO BLISTERS AND CULLUSES FORM?
Blisters form on exposed parts of the feet because of repeated movement during walking, running, dancing or putting on new shoes. Blisters can also form on the palms of our hands, for example while holding the handles on the bike, when exercising with weights, rowing, etc. If the friction lasts for a long time and it is not so intense, a callus forms. Corns usually appear on the toes or on the pads of the feet. They can be caused by improper walking, but most calluses are caused by inappropriate footwear (e.g. high heels).
PREVENTATION AND CARE OF BLISTERS AND CALLUSES
It is definitely better to prevent than to treat both blisters and calluses.
In the case of blisters, we first take care of:
- applying plasters or pads to exposed parts,
- comfortable footwear and clean and dry socks that absorb sweat,
- that new shoes are first worn at home and over short distances.
Methods for treating blisters:
If a blister still forms, replace the footwear as the friction will stop and the blister will start to heal. The fluid in the blister will be resorbed, the superficial skin will dry out and peel off. We do not pierce the blister, as the skin is the best protection against infection.
If the blister bursts, we can:
- disinfect the area (with for example active oxygen compounds) to prevent possible infection. Active oxygen compounds also enable faster regeneration of the skin and its supply of oxygen. The gel is especially suitable, as it stays at the blister site for a longer time and acts more intensively;
- use a plaster to mechanically prevent further infection.
If the blister hurts a lot, we pierce it with a disinfected needle, disinfect the area to prevent infection, and additionally protect it with a plaster.
In the case of calluses, we first try to find the cause of why they formed in these places and try to prevent them. We need to take proper care of our feet and use products that additionally soften the skin, e.g. with hyaluronic acid and Aloe vera, and supply the skin with oxygen, so it can regenerate faster (e.g. products with active oxygen compounds).
Ways to remove calluses:
- apply salicylic acid. This dissolves keratin and removes dead skin. Apply it in a thin layer, then soak in salt water and then file the area of the callus. Salicylic acid should not be applied to a healthy area of skin as this may cause irritation or damage;
- apply a product that moisturizes and softens the skin, making it easier to remove corneous skin. For example, products containing hyaluronic acid and Aloe vera. Both ingredients contribute to the intensive moisturizing of the skin, to its softening and greater elasticity. If such a product is in the form of a liquid, this allows faster and easier penetration at the site of action. If the product is in the form of a gel, it stays on the skin longer and is intended for a more intensive effect on a smaller area (toes, toe pads). It can also be applied to the surrounding area, as this ensures that the entire area is properly moisturized and the dead skin will remove itself sooner;
apply a product with active oxygen compounds that have a mild antiseptic effect. The active oxygen compounds supply the skin with oxygen, oxygenate it and at the same time stimulate faster regeneration. They can also be applied to a healthy adjacent skin, as this only further encourages the skin to regenerate and oxygenate.
Complete skin care set
OXILVER® Skin gel has an antiseptic effect and thus prevents possible infections when a blister is punctured or corneous skin is removed from calluses. With the oxygenation process, OXILVER® provides the skin with oxygen and ensures faster regeneration. Hyaluronic acid and Aloe vera additionally moisturize and nourish the skin, which is important in softening the keratin epidermis of the callus. OXILVER® Skin solution spray provides a quick effect, and the gel prolongs its action and softening due to its structure.
How to use:
Spray the blister with OXILVER® Skin solution 3-4 times a day. To treat a callus, we recommend using OXILVER® Skin solution at the beginning to soften the skin faster, as the liquid penetrates more easily at the site of action. Then dry the softened area and apply OXILVER® Skin gel, which enables a longer period of softening, moisturizing, care and antiseptic effect. Do not wash the gel, just wait for it to dry.