Blisters and calluses

NAIL PROBLEMS

Blisters and calluses

Ingrown, damaged nails

Nail delamination

Nail fungi

Brittle nails

BLISTER AND CALLUSES

WHAT ARE BLISTERS AND CALLUSES?

Friction between the skin and the object causes the epidermis to separate from the lower layers of the skin and a blister to form. This is an area of raised skin beneath which is a fluid that relieves further pressure and prevents infection. If the skin is moist, blisters form faster, they are more common in the summer when our feet and palms sweat. 

callus or corn is a thickening of the skin that grows under the skin in a conical shape. It is a thorn-like foreign body made of corneous cells that has the ability to penetrate the lower layers of the skin, which is interspersed with nerves. The skin creates them to protect and defend sensitive skin. If blisters and calluses are not cared for properly, they can cause an infection or even a deeper wound which requires medical attention or help.

WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS?

blister can burst due to further friction of the skin, causing pain. When the skin is weakened and does not have a normal protective or perceptual function (e.g. patients with diabetes, neuropathy, etc.), proper blister care is especially important to prevent infection. A corn or callus is also problematic, the pressure on them causes an uncomfortable feeling and can also be very painful if it puts pressure on the nerves in the lower layers of the skin or even on the bone. Unlike warts, calluses do not bleed as long as the surrounding tissue is not damaged.

HOW DO BLISTERS AND CULLUSES FORM?

Blisters form on exposed parts of the feet because of repeated movement during walking, running, dancing or putting on new shoes. Blisters can also form on the palms of our hands, for example while holding the handles on the bike, when exercising with weights, rowing, etc. If the friction lasts for a long time and it is not so intense, a callus forms. Corns usually appear on the toes or on the pads of the feet. They can be caused by improper walking, but most calluses are caused by inappropriate footwear (e.g. high heels).

PREVENTATION AND CARE OF BLISTERS AND CALLUSES

It is definitely better to prevent than to treat both blisters and calluses.

BLISTERS

In the case of blisters, we first take care of:

  • applying plasters or pads to exposed parts,
  • comfortable footwear and clean and dry socks that absorb sweat,
  • that new shoes are first worn at home and over short distances.

Methods for treating blisters:

If a blister still forms, replace the footwear as the friction will stop and the blister will start to heal. The fluid in the blister will be resorbed, the superficial skin will dry out and peel off. We do not pierce the blister, as the skin is the best protection against infection.

If the blister bursts, we can:

  • disinfect the area (with for example active oxygen compounds) to prevent possible infection. Active oxygen compounds also enable faster regeneration of the skin and its supply of oxygen. The gel is especially suitable, as it stays at the blister site for a longer time and acts more intensively;
  • use a plaster to mechanically prevent further infection.

If the blister hurts a lot, we pierce it with a disinfected needle, disinfect the area to prevent infection, and additionally protect it with a plaster.

OTIŠČANCI

V primeru otiščancev najprej poskusimo najti vzrok zakaj so nastali prav na teh mestih ter poskusimo to preprečiti. Noge moramo ustrezno negovati in uporabiti izdelke, ki kožo dodatno zmehčajo, npr. z hialuronsko kislino in Aloe vero ter take, oskrbijo kožo s kisikom in se le ta lahko hitreje obnovi (npr. izdelki z aktivnimi kisikovimi spojinami).

Načini za odstranjevanje otiščancev so:

  • nanos salicilne kisline. Ta raztaplja keratin in  odstrani odmrlo kožo. Nanesemo jo v tanki plasti, nato namakamo v slani vodi ter za tem spilimo predel z otiščancem. Salicilne kisline ne smemo nanesti na zdrav predel kože, saj to lahko povzroži draženje ali poškodbe;
  • nanos izdelka, ki kožo navlaži in s tem zmehča, s čimer se poroženela koža lažje odstrani. Taki so npr. izdelki, ki vsebujejo hialuronsko kislino in Aloe vero. Obe sestavini doprineseta k intenzivnemu vlaženju kože, k njenemu zmehčanju in večji prožnosti. Če je tak izdelek v obliki tekočine to omogoča hitrejše in lažje prodiranje na mestu delovanja. Če je izdelek v obliki gela ta dlje časa ostane na mestu nanosa in je namenjen za intenzivnejše delovanje na manjšem predelu (prsti na nogah, prstne blazinice). Nanesemo lahko tudi na okolno mesto, saj s tem poskrbimo, da je celoten predel ustrezno navlažen in koža se bo tudi sama prej odstranila odmrli predel;
  • nanos izdelka z aktivnimi kisikovimi spojinami, ki delujejo blago antiseptično. Kožo aktivne kisikove spojine oskrbijo s kisikom, jo oksigenirajo in hkrati spodbudijo njeno hitrejšo obnovo. Lahko nanesemo tudi na zdrav sosedenji rpedel, saj to le dodatno spodbuja kožo k njeni regenraciji in oksigenaciji. 

ENIKAM RECOMMENDS:

OXILVER Skin Solution and gel – active oxygen for skin softening, oxygenation, regeneration and antiseptic effect.

OXILVER Skin Gel has an antiseptic effect and thus prevents possible infections when a blister is punctured or corneous skin is removed from calluses. With the oxygenation process, OXILVER provides the skin with oxygen and ensures faster regenerationHyaluronic acid and Aloe vera additionally moisturize and nourish the skin, which is important in softening the keratin epidermis of the callus. OXILVER Skin Solution spray provides a quick effect, and the gel prolongs its action and softening due to its structure. How to use: spray the blister with OXILVER Skin solution 3-4 times a day. To treat a callus, we recommend using OXILVER Skin solution at the beginning to soften the skin faster, as the liquid penetrates more easily at the site of action. Then dry the softened area and apply OXILVER Skin Gel, which enables a longer period of softening, moisturizing, care and antiseptic effect. Do not wash the gel, just wait for it to dry.